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Материалы по Ирану и персидскому языку

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Iran - Recources - Quick Facts
Energy Overview
Proven Oil Reserves (January 1, 2007E) 136 billion barrels
Oil Production (2006E) 4.16 million barrels per day, of which 3.8 million barrels per day was crude oil.
Oil Consumption (2006E) 1.6 million barrels per day
Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (2007E) 1,451 thousand barrels per day
Proven Natural Gas Reserves (January 1, 2007E) 974 trillion cubic feet
Natural Gas Production (2005E) 3.6 trillion cubic feet
Natural Gas Consumption (2005E) 3.6 trillion cubic feet
Recoverable Coal Reserves (2007E) 462 million short tons
Coal Production (2004E) 1 million short tons
Coal Consumption (2004E) 1.7 million short tons
Electricity Installed Capacity (2004E) 34.3 gigawatts
Electricity Production (2004E) 156 billion kilowatt hours
Electricity Consumption (2004E) 145 billion kilowatt hours
Total Energy Consumption (2004E) 6.4 quadrillion Btus*, of which Natural Gas (49%), Oil (48%), Hydroelectricity (2%), Coal (1%)
Total Per Capita Energy Consumption (2004E) 95.5 million Btus
Energy Intensity (2004E) 10,280 Btu per $2000-PPP**
 
Environmental Overview
Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions (2004E) 402 million metric tons, of which Oil (52%), Natural Gas (42%), Coal (1%)
Per-Capita, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions (2004E) 6 metric tons
Carbon Dioxide Intensity (2004E) 0.6 Metric tons per thousand $2000-PPP**
 
Oil and Gas Industry
Organization The Ministry of Petroleum (MoP) manages: 1) National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) - oil and gas exploration and production, refining and oil transportation; 2) National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC) - manages gathering, treatment, processing, transmission, distribution, and exports of gas and gas liquids; 3) National Iranian Petrochemical Company (NPC) - handles petrochemical production, distribution, and exports; and 4) National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC) handles oil refining and transportation, with some overlap to NIOC. The National Iranian Offshore Oil Co. (IOOC) is in charge of offshore oil fields in the Persian Gulf. The National Iranian South Oil Fields Co. (NIOC South) is in charge of onshore oilfields in southern Iran. Pars Oil & Gas Co. (POGC) is in charge of the offshore North and South Pars gas fields. Khazar Exploration & Production Co. is in charge of Iran's Caspian Sea sector. Also, the National Iranian Tanker Company (NITC) controls the second largest fleet of tankers in OPEC.
Major Oil/Gas Ports Kharg Island, Lavan Island, Sirri Island, Ras Bahregan
Foreign Company Involvement BG, BHP, Bow Valley, BP, Eni, Gazprom, Lukoil, OMV, Petronas, Royal Dutch/Shell, Sheer Energy, Sinopec, Statoil, Total
Major Oil Fields Agha Jari, Ahwaz, Bangestan, Bibi Hakimeh, Darkhovin, Doroud, Gachsaran, Mansouri (Bangestan), Marun, Masjid-e Soleiman, Parsi, Rag-e-Safid, Soroush/Nowruz
Major Natural Gas Fields South Pars, North Pars, Khuff, Zireh, Tabnak, Nar-Kangan, Aghar, Dalan, Sarkhoun, Mand
Major Refineries (capacity, bbl/d) Abadan (400,000), Isfahan (265,000), Bandar Abbas (232,000); Tehran (225,000), Arak (150,000), Tabriz (112,000), Shiraz (40,000), Kermanshah (30,000), Lavan Island (20,000)
Major Export Terminals (loading capacity, bbl/d) Kharg Island (5 million), Lavan Island (200,000), Neka (50,000), Assaluyeh (250,000 gas liquids), Kish Island and Abadan and Bandar Mahshahr
 
* The total energy consumption statistic includes petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, net hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, wood and waste electric power. The renewable energy consumption statistic is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) data and includes hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal, solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids, industrial and municipal wastes. Sectoral shares of energy consumption and carbon emissions are also based on IEA data.
**GDP figures from OECD estimates based on purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates.


Источник: http://www.eia.doe.gov
Категория: Иран | Добавил: persian-farsi (15-Янв-08)
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